Root-controlled accent in Cupeño
Recent work on the nature of faithfulness constraints in Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993) has proposed distinct faithfulness constraints for roots and afﬁxes. The distinction between root and afﬁx faithfulness has been employed in the analysis of the privileged status of roots in a variety of phonological systems, such as root-controlled vowel harmony. In this article, I argue that this distinction is equally important in explaining the observation in Cupeño that inherent accent in roots takes precedence over inherent accent in afﬁxes. In addition, morphologically dispersed faithfulness is shown to be instrumental in extending the analysis beyond previous accounts, providing the right tools for the analysis of pre-accentuation and the special phonology of the nominalizer sufﬁx.
Keywords: stress, length, prosodic faithfulness, positional faithfulness, Optimality Theory, Uto-Aztecan, Cupeño
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Full citation: Alderete, John. Root-controlled accent in Cupeño. 2001. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 19: 455-501.